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Article in Physics Reports

Article in Physics Reports

Featured news
4. July 2024

Remarkable advances in the understanding of topological constraints in biological and soft matter physics in the past few years stimulated the European COST collaboration EUTOPIA to write a comprehensive review paper on topological effects in systems ranging from DNA and genome organization to entangled proteins, polymeric materials, liquid crystals, and theoretical physics, with the main intention of reducing the barriers between different subfields of soft and biological matter.  Simon Čopar, Miha Ravnik, Primož Ziherl, and Slobodan Žumer, colleagues from the “Jožef Stefan” Institute and the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics of the University of Ljubljana, together with colleagues from the EUTOPIA group, published a review article “Topology in soft and biological matter” in the journal Physics Reports.

Physics Reports 1075, 18 July 2024, Pages 1-137, Topology in soft and biological matter.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2024.04.002

COBISS.SI-ID 32291367 IF = 29.9

Article in Batteries

Article in Batteries

Awards and recognitions
3. July 2024

PEKLAR, Rok, MIKAC, Urška, SERŠA, Igor. The effect of battery configuration on dendritic growth : A magnetic resonance microscopy study on symmetric lithium cells. Batteries. 2024, vol. 10, art. 165, 13 str. ISSN 2313-0105. https://www.mdpi.com/2313-0105/10/5/165.

The potential of metallic lithium to become the anode material for next-generation batteries is hampered by significant challenges, chief among which is dendrite growth during battery charging. These dendrite structures not only impair battery performance but also pose safety risks. In this study, a recently introduced indirect imaging approach which is based on 1H MRI of the electrolyte was used to sequentially image dendrite growth in different configurations of symmetric lithium cells. The measured sequential images allowed for the measurement of dendrite growth in each cell using volumetric analysis. The growth results confirmed our theoretical prediction that the growth across cells is uneven in a parallel circuit, and even in a series circuit.

Article in Scientific Reports

Article in Scientific Reports

Featured news
3. July 2024

TUŠAR, Kaja, SERŠA, Igor. Use of nonlinear pulsed magnetic fields for spatial encoding in magnetic resonance imaging. Scientific reports. 2024, vol. 14, art. 7521, 15 str. ISSN 2045-2322. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-024-58229-x.

This study examines the use of nonlinear magnetic field coils for spatial encoding in magnetic resonance imaging. Existing theories on imaging with such coils share a complex reconstruction process that originates from a suboptimal signal interpretation in the spatial-frequency domain (k-space). In this study, a new solution to this problem is proposed, namely a two-step reconstruction process, in which in the first step, the image signal is converted into a frequency spectrum, and in the second step, the spectrum, which represents the distorted image, is geometrically and intensity corrected to obtain an undistorted image. The results of this study facilitate the use of simple encoding coil designs that can feature low inductance, allowing for much faster switching times and higher magnetic field gradients.

Article in Bioorganic Chemistry

Article in Bioorganic Chemistry

Awards and recognitions
26. June 2024

Hana Kokot, Boštjan Kokot and Iztok Urbančič (Laboratory of Biophysics, Condensed Matter Physics Department, F5) have, together with colleagues from the Faculty of Pharmacy (University of Ljubljana), published a paper titled Amphiphilic coumarin-based probes for live-cell STED nanoscopy of plasma membrane in the journal Bioorganic Chemistry.

The authors synthesized and characterized a novel amphiphilic fluorescent label SHE-2N, which enables quick and long-lasting fluorescent labeling of the outer cell membranes of living cells. This new label for fluorescence microscopy is also suitable for high-resolution STED microscopy and two-photon microscopy due to its high photostability and appropriate spectral characteristics.

Article in Communications Chemistry

Article in Communications Chemistry

Awards and recognitions
17. June 2024

Andraž Rešetič, at the invitation of the editor of Communications Chemistry, published a review article titled “Shape programming of liquid crystal elastomers,” Commun Chem 7, 56 (2024), in which he provided a brief overview of current shape programming methods for liquid crystal elastomers (LCEs). LCEs are materials that reversibly change shape when exposed to external stimuli, such as light or heat. The local arrangement of liquid crystal components in LCEs affects the complexity of the shape response, and this arrangement is programmed into the material using various processes, including mechanical deformation, external electric or magnetic fields, polarized light, and other methods. As an unavoidable part of LCE synthesis, these processes also introduce geometrical constraints and influence the final size and amount of synthesized material. Therefore, the applicability of LCEs is highly dependent on the methods used. In the article, the author explored these limiting factors and provided his perspective on the future implementation of LCEs in everyday applications.

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